Social infrastructure is essential to the creation of sustainable communities. It ensures not only health and safety, but productivity, education and quality of life. In the past couple of years, the development of new hospitals through the availability payment schemes have been the most successful among public projects. Nevertheless, Mexico’s schools and penitentiaries are overpopulated and crumbling. As of 2013, Mexico’s prisons were overpopulated by more than 54,063 people in 210 centers. The goal of Pena Nieto’s National Security Plan 2014-2016 and the new penal system is to repair and build penitentiaries in each state. The government is creating PPPs for the construction of museums and jails, and incorporating new financial instruments, CIENs, for the development of public schools but the PPPE17’s plans to slash the public budget will seriously impede the improvement of the country’s social infrastructure.

This chapter will unveil the unseen opportunities in the country’s social sector and address the key hurdles. Construction of social infrastructure is a meticulous task that necessitates working closely with the public sector while overcoming the various social issues related to each project.

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